Congress rushed to enact the existing gay ban policy into federal law, outflanking Clinton's planned repeal effort. Clinton called for legislation to overturn the ban, but encountered intense opposition from the Joint Chiefs of Staff , members of Congress, and portions of the public. DADT emerged as a compromise policy.  Congress included text in the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994 (passed in 1993) requiring the military to abide by regulations essentially identical to the 1982 absolute ban policy.  The Clinton Administration on December 21, 1993,  issued Defense Directive , which directed that military applicants were not to be asked about their sexual orientation.  This is the policy now known as "Don't Ask, Don't Tell". The phrase was coined by Charles Moskos , a military sociologist.